There is some overlap among the essays, but that is inevitable given the interconnectedness of Sartre's concepts. The aim of the book is "to make Sartre's broader body of work accessible to a wider audience" 3. Some essays emphasize depth over breadth whereas others stress breadth over depth. Admittedly, it may have not been easy to balance depth and breadth, especially given the book's aim. My only overall complaint is that most authors could have been more critical of Sartre.
First-time readers of Sartre would have benefited from that. Steven Churchill and Jack Reynolds open with a succinct and lucid introduction. They argue that Sartre is very much alive, and this is evidenced by the fact that the "totality" of his works have not yet been fully explored or understood, which the present volume precisely seeks to do in a modest way 2.
Post-World War II work
Next, Gary Cox discusses Sartre's life. He debunks certain myths about Sartre. For example, contrary to popular belief, Sartre was not a drug user 7. Overall, Cox does a fine job in showing how Sartre's life informed and transformed his works and vice versa. She evaluates Sartre's proximity to and distance from Husserl on notions such as intentionality, phenomenological method, transcendental ego, imagination, and emotions The sections on how Sartre was introduced to and influenced by Husserl contain meticulous details This criticism also applies to the essays written by Christian Onof, Churchill, and Betty Cannon see specifically , , 81, respectively.
Novices may take this reading to be an accurate portrayal of Husserl's position. Husserl's transcendental ego is an ego whose self-identity is affected by and sustained through time and, thus, is not like Kant's formal ego. He interprets Sartre as a "direct realist" in the sense of denying any mediation of mental content between consciousness and things The distinctions need further clarification, otherwise those new to the topic would be confused by such distinctions.
Such readers should consult Thomas Busch's clarification of these terms In a well-written essay, Churchill makes the case for why the pre-war Sartre must also be read as being engaged in and with the world Although this is not a criticism, the reader should consult the conclusion before reading the entire essay because in the conclusion Churchill aptly summarizes the entire essay in a step-by-step fashion Adrian van den Hoven approaches Sartre's novels and plays by paying close attention to different moments in Sartre's life and to specific political events that inspired him to write on particular themes Cannon compares and contrasts Sartre's existential psychoanalysis and Freud's psychoanalysis.
The section on Freud is quite complicated, at least for non-experts One explanation may be that Freud's psychoanalytical vocabulary does not lend itself to being explained in three pages. The sections on Sartre are clearer than the section on Freud However, given that the sections on Sartre rely on the section on Freud at least to the extent of understanding the similarities and differences between the two figures, some basic familiarity with Freud's terminology is required.
At the end of her essay, Cannon suggests that Sartre's existential psychoanalysis has a lot to offer to contemporary, post-Freudian psychoanalysts and psychotherapists. In addition, Sartre's existential psychoanalysis can also be seen as an alternative to the psychoanalytic and psychotherapeutic approaches inspired by Ludwig Binswanger, Heidegger, and Medard Boss. Throughout the essay, she does not clarify what is meant by ontological. Richmond concedes at one point that Sartre's notion of nothingness is difficult to understand At times, she does not write accessibly.
For instance, she writes, "Sartre concludes that there must be some being that in some way 'is' its own nothingness" Such sentences will definitely confuse new readers of Sartre. It is not entirely clear if Richmond provides an adequate response to these two criticisms. She critically assesses the inadequacies of some responses to both criticisms Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Sartre on the Body
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